Tribes of Canada
Hydah Indians of Canada
Hudson Bay Territory
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"people of the scum of water," "scum" being a figurative expression
for copper. Also called:
Copper Indians, from the fact that copper was obtained in their
Couteaux Jaunes, French-Canadian name.
Red-knife Indians, referring to copper.
Yellow-knife Indians, referring to copper.
Connections. The Tatsanottine belonged to the Athapascan
linguistic stock and were later classified with the Chipewyan, but
their original position within the stock is unknown.
Location. On the northern shores and eastern bays of Great
History. The Tatsanottine derived their name from the ore in
a low mountain near Coppermine River which they formerly made into
knives, axes, and other cutting tools and traded at fabulous prices,
until the introduction of articles of European manufacture broke the
market and they moved away from the mine toward trading posts in the
Population. Mooney (1928) estimates that there were 430 in
1670. In 1859 a census, which may, however, have been only partial,
returned 219. A later estimate by Morice (1906) gave 500.
Connection in which they have become noted. The Tatsanottine
have become noteworthy merely on account of their association with
the copper deposit above mentioned.
The Indian Tribes of North of America, by
John Swanton, 1953