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Squawmish Indians of Canada

Squawmish. Significance unknown. Phonetically spelled Sk'qo´mic.

Connections. Together with the Nooksak of Washington, the Squawmish constituted a subdialect of the coastal division of the Salishan linguistic stock.

Location. On Howe Sound and Burrard Inlet, north of the mouth of Fraser River.

Villages

Chakkai, on the east side of Howe Sound.
Chalkunts, on Grambier Island.
Chants, on Burrard Inlet.
Chechelmen, on Burrard Inlet.
Cheehilkok, at Seymour Creek, Burrard Inlet.
Chekoalch, on Burrard Inlet.
Chewas, on the west side of Howe Sound.
Chiakamish, on Chiakamish Creek, a tributary of Squawmisht River.
Chichilek, on Burrard Inlet.
Chinmai, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Chukchukts, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Ekuks, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Etleuk, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Hastings Saw Mill Indians.
Helshen, on Burrard Inlet.
Homulschison, at Capilano Creek, Burrard Inlet.
Huikuayaken, on Howe Sound.
Humelsom, on Burrard Inlet.
Ialmuk, at Jericho, Burrard Inlet.
Ikwopsum, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Itliok, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Kaayahunik, on the west bank of Squawmisht River.
Kaksine, on Mamukum Creek, left bank of Squawmisht River.
Kapkapetlp, at Point Grey, Burrard Inlet.
Kauten, on the right bank of Squawmisht River
Kekelun, on the west side of Howe Sound.
Kekios, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Kekwaiakin, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Kelketos, on the east coast of Howe Sound.
Ketlalsm, on the east side of Howe Sound.
Kiaken, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Kiaken, on Burrard Inlet.
Kicham, on Burrard Inlet.
Koalcha, at Linn Creek, Burrard Inlet.
Koekoi, on the west side of Howe Sound.
Koikoi, on Burrard Inlet.
Kolelakom, on Bowen Island, Howe Sound.
Komps, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Kotlskaim, on Burrard Inlet.
Kuakumchen, on Howe Sound.
Kukutwom, on the east side of Howe Sound.
Kulatsen, on the east side of Howe Sound.
Kulaten, on Burrard Inlet.
Kwanaken, on Squawmisht River.
Kwichtenem, on the west side of Howe Sound.
Kwolan, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Male, shared with the Musqueam, north of Sea Island in the delta of Fraser River.
Mitlmetlelch, on Passage Island, Howe Sound.
Nkukapenach, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Nkuoosai, on Howe Sound.
Nkuoukten, on Howe Sound.
Npapuk, on the east side of Howe Sound.
Npokwis, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Nthaich, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Papiak, on Burrard Inlet.
Poiam, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Pokaiosum, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Sauktich, Hat Island, Howe Sound.
Schilks, on the east side of Howe Sound.
Schink, at Gibson's Lodge, on the west side of Howe Sound.
Selelot, on Burrard Inlet.
Shemps, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Shishaiokoi, on the east coast of Howe Sound.
Siechem, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Skakaiek, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Skauishan, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Skeakunts, on Burrard Inlet.
Skeawatsut, at Port Atkinson on the east side of Howe Sound.
Skelsh, on Burrard Inlet.
Sklau, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Skoachais, on Burrard Inlet.
Skumin, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Skutuksen, on the east side of Howe Sound.
Skwaius, on Burrard Inlet.
Slokoi, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Smelakoa, on Burrard Inlet.
Smok, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Snauk, at False Creek, Burrard Inlet.
Spapak, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Stamis, on the left bank of Squawmisht River.
Stetuk, on Burrard Inlet.
Stlaun, on Burrard Inlet.
Stoktoks, on Howe Sound.
Stotoii, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Suntz, on Burrard Inlet.
Sutkel, on Burrard Inlet.
Swaiwi, on Burrard Inlet.
Swiat, on the west side of Howe Sound.
Thetsaken, on the east side of Howe Sound.
Thetuksem, on the west side of Howe Sound.
Thetusum, on the west side of Howe Sound.
Thotais, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Tktakal, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Tlakom, on Anvil Island in Howe Sound.
Tlastlemauk, in Burrard Inlet.
Tleatlum, on Burrard Inlet.
Toktakamai, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.
Tseklten, on Howe Sound.
Tumtls, on the east side of Howe Sound.
Ulksin, on Burrard Inlet.
Yukuts, on the right bank of Squawmisht River.

There were a few more villages at the upper end of Burrard Inlet. Modern villages are: Burrard Inlet, No. 3. Reserve; False Creek (same an Snauk, q. v.), Kapilano (see Homulchison), Seymour Creek (see Checkilkok), and Squamish (on Howe Sound).

History. The history of the Squawmish has been practically identical with that of the other coast Salish tribes in their neighborhood.

Population. Mooney (1928) estimates 1,800 Squawmish in 1780. In 1909, 174 were returned.

Connection in which they have become noted. The Squawmish have given their name to Squawmisht River, B. C.

The Indian Tribes of North of America, by John Swanton, 1953

Canadian Indians


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