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Kutchin Indians of Canada

Takkuth-kutchin. Significance uncertain but possibly "squinters." Also called:

Dakaz, by Morice (1906, p. 261).
Dakkadhè, by Petitot (1876, p. 20).
Deguthee Dennee, by Franklin (1828, p. 40).
Gens de rats, by Whymper (1868, 255).
Klovén-Kuttchin, by Petitot (1876).
Kukuth-kutchin, by Bancroft (1886-90, vol. 1, p. 147).
Lapiene's House Indians, by Kirkby in Hind (1863, vol. 2, p. 254).
Louchieux Proper, by Ross (MS., p. 474).
Nattsae-Kouttchin, by Petitot (1891, p. 361), meaning "marmot people."
Porcupine River Indians, by Whymper (1868, p. 255).
Quarrelers, by Mackenzie (1801, p. 51).
Rat Indians, by Hardisty (1867, p. 311).
Rat River Indians, by Whymper (1868, p. 255).
Squint-Eyes, by Franklin (1824, p. 261).
Takadhé, by Petitot (MS.).
Tä-Kuth-Kutchin, by Hind (1863, p. 254).
Tykothee-dinneh, by Franklin (1824, p. 261).
Upper Porcupine River Kutchin, by Osgood (1934, p. 176).
Yukuth Kutchin, by Bancroft (1886-90, vol. 1, p. 115).

Connections. The Takkuth-kutchin were the central and most characteristic tribe of the Kutchin group of the northern division of the Athapascan linguistic stock.

Location. On the upper course of Porcupine River.

Population. With the Vunta-kutchin and Tutcone, Mooney (1928) estimated that there were about 2,200 Takkuth-kutchin in 1670. In 1866 they had been reduced to 15 hunters or 40 men in all. Dawson (1888) gave 337 of this tribe and the Tatlit-kutchin; Morice (1906) estimated 150 in 1906. In 1910, 6 were living in Alaska. (See Nakotcho-kutchin, Tatlit-kutchin, and also Kutcha-kutchin under Alaska.)


Tatlit-kutchin. Signifying "those who dwell at the source of the river [i. e., the Peel River]." Also called:

Fon du Lac Loucheux, by Hooper (1853, p. 270).
Gens du fond du lac, by Ross (MS)..
Peel River Kutchin, by Osgood (1934, p. 174).
Sa-to-tin, by Dawson (1888).
Tpe-tliet-Kouttchin, by Petitot (1891, p. 361).

Connections. The Tatlit-kutchin belonged to the Kutchin group of tribes of the northern division of the Athapascan linguistic family, being particularly closely connected with the Takkuth-kutchin.

Location. On Peel River and neighboring parts of the Mackenzie.

Population. Mooney (1928) gives 800 to the Tatlit-kutchin and the Nakotcho-kutchin, together. In 1866, 30 hunters and 60 men in all were reported. (See Nakotcho-kutchin, Takkuth-kutchin, and also Katcha-kutchin under Alaska.)

The Indian Tribes of North of America, by John Swanton, 1953

Canadian Indians


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