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Chilcotin Indians of Canada

Chilcotin. More phonetically rendered Tsilkotin, meaning "people of young man's [Chilcotin] river."

Connections. The Chilcotin belong to the Athapascan linguistic stock.

Location. Chiefly in the valley of Chilcotin River.


In later years a distinction has grown up between the reservation Chilcotin and those who have continued their aboriginal customs at a distance from the reservations, the latter being called the "Stone Chilcotin" or "Stonies." The former Morice (1889) divides into the Tlathenkotin (in Tlothenka village on Chilcotin River), Tleskotin (in the village of Tlesko on Chilcotin River near its junction with Fraser River), and Toosey (near Williams Lake Agency).

History. Alexander Mackenzie (1801) passed through their territory in 1793, and Fort Chilcotin was established among them in 1829. To employees of the Hudson's Bay Company soon succeeded miners and more permanent settlers.

Population. Mooney (1928) estimates that in 1780 there were 2,500 Chilcotin. In 1906 they were placed at 450.

Connection in which they have become noted. The name of the Chilcotin is perpetuated by Chilcotin River, Chilko River, and Chilko Lake.

The Indian Tribes of North of America, by John Swanton, 1953

Canadian Indians

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