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Hydah Indians of Canada
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Chilcotin. More phonetically
rendered Tsilkotin, meaning "people of young man's [Chilcotin]
Connections. The Chilcotin belong to the Athapascan
Location. Chiefly in the valley of Chilcotin River.
In later years a distinction has grown up between
the reservation Chilcotin and those who have continued their
aboriginal customs at a distance from the reservations, the latter
being called the "Stone Chilcotin" or "Stonies." The former Morice
(1889) divides into the Tlathenkotin (in Tlothenka village on
Chilcotin River), Tleskotin (in the village of Tlesko on Chilcotin
River near its junction with Fraser River), and Toosey (near
Williams Lake Agency).
History. Alexander Mackenzie (1801) passed through their
territory in 1793, and Fort Chilcotin was established among them in
1829. To employees of the Hudson's Bay Company soon succeeded miners
and more permanent settlers.
Population. Mooney (1928) estimates that in 1780 there were
2,500 Chilcotin. In 1906 they were placed at 450.
Connection in which they have become noted. The name of the
Chilcotin is perpetuated by Chilcotin River, Chilko River, and
The Indian Tribes of North of America, by
John Swanton, 1953