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Arapaho, Assiniboin and Atsina Indians of Canada

Arapaho. This tribe probably occupied Canadian territory in prehistoric times in southern Saskatchewan and perhaps in southern Manitoba. (See Wyoming.)

Assiniboin. A tribe of the Siouan linguistic family which separated from the Dakota in the late prehistoric period, living first, it is thought, about Rainy Lake and Lake of the Woods but, from about 1675, on Assiniboin and Saskatchewan Rivers west of Lake Winnipeg. Their lands extended southward to the Missouri and a part of the tribe were finally placed on reservations in Montana. (See Montana.)

Atsina. These were a branch of the Arapaho and were popularly known as Gros Ventres, or, in order to distinguish them from another tribe so called, Gros Ventres of the Plains. They were sometimes known as Fall Indians from the circumstance that they were supposed formerly to have lived at the falls of the Saskatchewan River, near the junction of its north and south branches. (See Montana.)

The Indian Tribes of North of America, by John Swanton, 1953

Canadian Indians


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